The Most Widespread Basic Arabic Verbs

The Most Widespread Basic Arabic Verbs

Ahlan wa Sahlan!

We’ve previously posted articles related to basic Arabic words and phrases, but then we realized that, no matter how many nouns you might know, you’ll also need verbs to construct a sentence!

You might know how to say school in Arabic, but what’s the point if you don’t know how to ask, “Where is the school?” in Arabic? Or you might know how to say Tuesdayin Arabic, but you don’t know how to ask your friends out on Tuesday. Luckily, Arabic verbs follow the same rule as the rest of the vocabulary because they are based on a set of two, three, four and sometimes even five (but mainly three) consonants called the root. This root communicates the basic meaning of the verb, and any changes to the vowels between the consonants, along with any prefixes or suffixes attached to it, specify grammatical functions such as person, gender, number, tense, mood, and voice.

There is one curious thing, though. In the Arabic present tense, there is no verb “to be” (am, is, are, etc.), so, instead of saying, “I am Henry”, you would simply say, “I Henry”. Well, at least that’s one less verb to learn.

With this list of basic Arabic verbs, we hope that you’ll soon be able to form some sentences yourself (with the help of our previous articles, of course).

To love in Arabic = Yuheb – يحب

To go in Arabic = Yathhab – يذهب

To eat in Arabic = Ya’kol – يأكل

To work in Arabic = Ya’mal – يعمل

To help in Arabic = Yosa’ed – يساعد

To play in Arabic = Yal’ab – يلعب

To give in Arabic = Yo’te – يعطي

To travel in Arabic = Yusafer – يسافر

To like in Arabic = Yuheb – يحب

To drink in Arabic = Yashrab – يشرب

To call in Arabic = Yattasel (to call someone via phone) يتصل – / Yunade (to call someone by voice) – ينادي

To come in Arabic = Ya’te – يعطي

To leave in Arabic = Yatrok – يترك

To want in Arabic = Yureed – يريد

To drive in Arabic = Ysooq – يسوق

To write in Arabic = Yaktob – يكتب

To listen in Arabic = Yasma’ – يسمع

To sleep in Arabic = Ynam – ينام

To walk in Arabic = Yamshi – يمشي

To meet in Arabic = Yoqabil – يقابل

To want in Arabic = Yoreed – يريد

To bring in Arabic = Yajleb – يجلب

Naturally, there are many other verbs to remember. For now, however, this list should help you while you’re roaming around a Middle Eastern country. Keep in mind that these words are in Modern Standard Arabic and they might be different in Colloquial Arabic, depending on your travel destination.

If you want to remember these verbs, along with the many other common Arabic words we’ve already posted, you can use flashcards! This is a great way to learn vocabulary. By now, you should have enough words for a round of flashcards. Write down the word in Arabic on one side of the flashcard and the meaning of the word on the other side. Memorize them, and then shuffle them up. Choose them one at a time and whatever comes up, try to remember its pronunciation and meaning.. You can always contact us if you want a list of specific words or fields, and we’ll be more than happy to provide them to you!

Hope this helps!

Gary Greer

Gary Greer was born and raised in the United States.  After an eight year stint in the U.S. Army in 1992, he attended Delaware State University to pursue his B.A. in English Communications to become a writer. Since then he has traveled the globe, living in the Europe and the Middle East, working for such prestigious organizations as the U.S. Army, NAPA Auto Parts, and AMIDEAST, and other well-known organizations, as well.  Gary came to Jordan in 2005, bringing with him a wealth of experience in the fields of Business and Education, and has since implemented and taught specialized English and Business training courses in the Business, Hospitality, Medical and Legal sectors throughout Jordan for TE Data, The Nuqul Group, The Ministry of Justice, The Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, UNRWA, and the Mövenpick and Kempinski Hotels, among others. Along with teaching, he has also pursued his dream of becoming a writer and has written and done the voice-over narration of two travel documentaries about Jordan for Seven Stars television worked as an editor for Family Flavours magazine and acted in television advertisements for USAID. He now works as a content writer for

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