Space Vocabulary In Arabic


Space Vocabulary In Arabic


Astronomy is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena. It applies mathematics, physics, and chemistry in an effort to explain the origin of those objects and other phenomena and their evolution. Objects of interest include planets, moons, stars, nebulae, galaxies, and comets, but also include phenomena such as supernova explosions. More generally, everything that originates outside of Earth’s atmosphere is within the purview of astronomy. 

Astronomy is also one of the oldest of the natural sciences. Early civilizations such as the Babylonians, Greeks, Indians, Egyptians, Nubians, Iranians, and Chinese carried out methodical observations of the night sky. Historically, astronomy has included disciplines as diverse as astrometry, celestial navigation, observational astronomy, and the making of calendars. Before tools such as the telescope were invented, early study of the stars was conducted using the naked eye. As civilizations developed, most notably in Mesopotamia, Greece, Persia, India, China, Egypt, and Central America, astronomical observatories were assembled and ideas on the nature of our Universe began to develop. Most early astronomy consisted of mapping the positions of the stars and planets, a science now referred to as astrometry. From these observations, early ideas about the motions of the planets were formed, and the nature of the Sun, Moon and the Earth in the Universe were explored philosophically. However, back then, the Earth was believed to be the center of the Universe with the Sun, the Moon and the stars rotating around it. 

During the middle ages, astronomy flourished in the Arab world and other parts of the world. This led to the emergence of the first astronomical observatories in the Arab world by the early 9th century. In 964, the Andromeda Galaxy, the largest galaxy in the Local Group (the galaxy group that includes the Milky Way – our galaxy), was described by the Persian astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi in his “Book of Fixed Stars”. The SN 1006 supernova, the brightest apparent magnitude stellar event in recorded history, was observed by the Egyptian-Arabic astronomer Ali ibn Ridwan and Chinese astronomers in 1006. Some of the most prominent astronomers were of either Persian or Arab origin and they made significant contributions to the science. Astronomers during that time introduced many Arabic names now used for individual stars. With this being said, we compiled a list of vocabulary items related to space. This topic often appears in newspapers, yet not many Arabic books deal with it.

Space in Arabic / Fada’/ فضاء
Planet in Arabic / Kawkab / كوكب
Galaxy in Arabic / Majarah /مجرة  
Earth in Arabic / Ard /أرض  
Sun in Arabic / Shams /شمس  
Star in Arabic / Najm /نجم  
Jupiter in Arabic / Al mushtari / المشتري
Moon in Arabic / Al qamar /القمر  
Pluto in Arabic / Bloto /بلوتو  
Neptune in Arabic / Nebtoon /نبتون  
Uranus in Arabic / Orans /أورانس  
Spaceship in Arabic / Safenah fda’yah /سفينة فضائية  
Satellite in Arabic / Qamar sina’I /قمر صناعي  
Saturn in Arabic / Zohal in Arabic /زحُل  
Gravity in Arabic / Al jathbeyeh /الجاذبية  
Camera in Arabic / Alet tasweer /آلة تصوير  
Astronaut in Arabic / Ra’ed al fada’ /رائد الفضاء  
Rocket in Arabic / Sarookh /صاروخ  
Comet in Arabic / Mothanab / مذنب
Orbit in Arabic / Falak / فَلَك
Space station in Arabic / Mahatta fda’yah / محطة فضائية
Telescope in Arabic / Miqrab / مقراب
Mars in Arabic / Al mareekh /المريخ  
Spacesuit in Arabic / Bazzah fda’yah /بزة فضائية  
Solar eclipse in Arabic / Kosof /كسوف  
Lunar eclipse in Arabic / Khosof / خسوف
Meteor in Arabic / Nayzak /نيزك  
Black hole / Al thuqb al aswad / الثقب الأسود

Astronomy is a field that interests many, regardless of their origin and background, and now you have some fun facts to share with your friends!

Gary Greer

Gary Greer was born and raised in the United States.  After an eight year stint in the U.S. Army in 1992, he attended Delaware State University to pursue his B.A. in English Communications to become a writer. Since then he has traveled the globe, living in the Europe and the Middle East, working for such prestigious organizations as the U.S. Army, NAPA Auto Parts, and AMIDEAST, and other well-known organizations, as well.  Gary came to Jordan in 2005, bringing with him a wealth of experience in the fields of Business and Education, and has since implemented and taught specialized English and Business training courses in the Business, Hospitality, Medical and Legal sectors throughout Jordan for TE Data, The Nuqul Group, The Ministry of Justice, The Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, UNRWA, and the Mövenpick and Kempinski Hotels, among others. Along with teaching, he has also pursued his dream of becoming a writer and has written and done the voice-over narration of two travel documentaries about Jordan for Seven Stars television worked as an editor for Family Flavours magazine and acted in television advertisements for USAID. He now works as a content writer for

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